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Designing Curriculum-Based Training (DACUM)

The EARTh Center has trained and certified DACUM facilitators able to conduct DACUM facilitation for educational, governmental and industrial organizations. EARTh staff will work with you to determine what DACUM process is best for your needs. DACUM includes analysis for Occupational, Job, Process, Functional and Conceptual Analysis. EARTh Center staff have experience in face-to-face and online facilitation of the DACUM methodology.


DACUM is a structured, but flexible analysis process. It is a highly effective technique for identifying occupational analysis and job task analysis across a wide variety of applications. The DACUM process has several applications, including:

Occupational Analysis

Occupational Analysis is the best approach for analyzing an occupational area rather than a single position. This approach is helpful for community and technical colleges to offer educational programs that provide a broad preparation in an occupational area of career interest. And, to prepare students to enter the field by obtaining entry-level knowledge, skills and workplace behavior for that occupation.
Performing an Occupational Analysis requires a facilitator that will lead a forum of industry experts and a recorder that will capture the information generated by the forum. Forum (or panel) participants are leaders within a particular industry. The products of the Occupational Analysis include:

  • A definition of the industry (who, what, where, how)
    • List occupation titles within a specific industry
    • List job duties of a particular job title

Job Task Analysis (JTA)

The JTA is a continuance of the Occupational Analysis. The panel for creating the JTA is made up of experts who actually perform the job at an exceptional level.
During a JTA the panel lists the knowledge, skills and behaviors necessary to perform each task under a particular job title. Additionally, the experts may create a list of job performance indicators that distinguish levels of job performance from novices to experts. The JTA product includes how expertise is acquired for performing each task. This process indicates any gaps in training and when training should occur to improve task performance from that of a novice to that of an expert.
Products of the JTA are as follows:

  • List of task involved to expertly fulfill each job duty
    • List of knowledge, skills and behaviors required to successfully complete a task to a specific standard for level of experience (novice to expert)
      • List of training and experiences for how an expert’s knowledge, skill and behavior for exceptional job performance was acquired

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 2055370
Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.